Glossary for Weight Loss

Carbohydrates
Any of a large group of organic compounds, including sugars, such as sucrose, and polysaccharides, such as cellulose, glycogen, and starch, that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, with the general formula C

Fat
The body uses fat as a fuel source, and fat is the major storage form of energy in the body. Fat also has many other important functions in the body, and a moderate amount is needed in the diet for good health. Fats in food come in several forms, including saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated. Too much fat or too much of the wrong type of fat can be unhealthy.

Ghrelin
A hormone produced in the body that stimulates appetite.

HCG for weight loss
hCG (human Chorionic Gonadotrophin) is a biologically natural hormone that is produced in women during pregnancy, at which time its purpose is to use stored fat to nourish the developing fetus–whilst preserves the mothers muscle tone. When used in weight loss, hCG allows the body to mimic these effects on the body.

L Carnitine
L-carnitine is synthesized in the body from the amino acids lysine and methionine.  This is the amino acid you need when trying to get lean. L-carnitine transfers long-chain fatty acids, such as triglycerides into mitochondria, where they may be oxidized to produce energy. Carnitine has also been shown to reduce fatigue and serve as an appetite suppressant as well.

L Carnitine deficiency
Carnitine deficiency results from inadequate intake of or inability to metabolize the amino acid carnitine. It can cause a heterogeneous group of disorders. Muscle metabolism is impaired, causing myopathy, hypoglycemia, or cardiomyopathy. Infants typically present with hypoglycemic, hypoketotic encephalopathy.

Leptin
A hormone produced mainly by adipocytes (fat cells) that is involved in the regulation of body fat. Leptin interacts with areas of the brain that control hunger and behavior and signals that the body has had enough to eat.

Leptin correction
A diet program and lifestyle change designed to help correct certain metabolic problems associated with the hormones leptin and insulin.

Leptin Resistance
Leptin is a protein that’s made in the fat cells, circulates in the bloodstream, and goes to the brain.  Leptin is supposed to tell the brain that we have enough fat stored, that we don’t need to eat, and that we can burn calories at a normal rate. Given the way leptin is supposed to work, people should know that they have plenty of energy stored.  If the leptin signal isn’t working, there is a lot of leptin floating around, but the brain doesn’t see it. This condition is known as leptin resistance. It is now believed to be the main biological abnormality in human obesity

Paleo Diet
A diet based on the types of foods presumed to have been eaten by early humans, consisting mostly of meat, fish, vegetables, and fruit, and excluding dairy or grain products and processed food.

Protein
Many foods contain protein, but the best sources are beef, poultry, fish, eggs, dairy products, nuts, seeds, and legumes like black beans and lentils. Protein builds, maintains, and replaces the tissues in your body.

Sugar
Added sugars are sugars and syrups that are added to foods or beverages when they are processed or prepared. You may also see other names used for added sugars, but these are not recognized by the FDA as an ingredient name. These include cane juice, evaporated corn sweetener, crystal dextrose, glucose, liquid fructose, sugar cane juice, and fruit nectar.